March 21 is the date..
by that time wala na akong ginagawa siguro at puro graduation na lang ang aatupagin, kaya naman sure ako na mapapanuod ko to. Kailangan talaga at hindi na ako makapag-antay.. :DD
Actually, this blog post is long overdue but I haven’t got a time to post this. ~___~
So basically this post is about a mini-project that I did during the sembreak. I believe that I need to do projects and stuff so that I can keep on learning new things and to be more creative with things. It was fun doing this mini project. I was actually inspired by the photo that I saw on the latest issue of the Digital Photographer Philippines (DPP) magazine. I encourage you guys, especially who’s into photography like me, to read magazines, books, and the internet to gain new ideas.
So here’s the set of photos from this mini-project that I did called “Color Splash”. In this set, I used glitters, paint, water and a glass.
Already bought new materials for the next set. Hope you enjoyed looking at these photos and watch out for the next set.
Thank you, Captain Obvious, for your astute observation.
Though the name of our country never came up until Villalobos said so, the archipelago already had ethnic states, and this land we now have was once divided into these different ethnic states. You have the Tagalogs, the Pampangos, the Ilokanos, etc.
After all, what else would I call the Philippines before the Spaniards came? I’m just using the present name of the country as a name of convenience. I obviously cannot call the entirety of the Philippines as Ma-i, since traders only used that for the island of Mindoro. Or the Archipelago of San Lazaro.
We all know there was no Philippines before 1542. But there was an island people were going to before the arrival of the Spanish. It was not called the Philippines yet, but I’m just saying we have had a history before the Spanish, and that was something I was thinking about because what we know about Prehispanic Philippines is very minute.
I’ve only pointed that out since your character’s power is moving throughout time but limited to the time of the Philippines. So, being a fan of coherence in alternate universes I have to point out that apparently the usage and the limit of the Philippines pertain to the territory as described by Villalobos in 1542, but if you would like to expand it as a cultural identity then it would be much later, like Joaquin’s 1562 later, but if you really want to expand it as a state then you have to follow Agoncillo’s 1872 thesis.
Yes, Joseph, ethnic states. They had their own political structure, social hierarchies, religious beliefs and practices. Ethnic comes from the Greek word ethnos meaning “people.” I’d use nation but there was no concept of a nation in Prehispanic Philippines. Cebuanos, for example, had their own rules which were different from, let’s say, the Sulod people of Antique.
If they were not part of a sultanate, they were most likely part of an ethnic state.
On the contrary, Woods (2008, 31-3) declares that the idea of baranggay was an attempt of Westerners to form a concept recognizable to Western minds and categories. Woods tells us that there is a confusion of data in early Spanish accounts particularly that of Plasencia and the perpetuation of the myth was intensified during the American Period when they embraced the Propagandists’ reconstruction of the Filipino past. Zialcita (2005, 61) notes that prior to the Spaniards the idea of a city is non-existent, and the idea that they belong to an archipelago-wide community. Ergo propter hoc there is no states in the islands.
While it is true that the concept of a Filipino nationhood and archipelago-wide community only came later, I don’t think it is correct to say that there were no states in the islands before the Spaniards arrived.
Prior to the arrival of the the colonizers, Cesar Adib Majul said that there were already well-established sultanates in Mindanao: the Sultanate of Sulu; the Sultanate of Maguindanao; the Confederation of Lanao; and the Sultanate of Buayan. These sultanates easily qualify with the standards of statehood: people, territory, government and sovereignty.
Aside from the Muslims in the western and central parts of Mindanao, a non-Muslim kingdom was also already flourishing in Butuan before the Spaniards even became a colonial power. The UNESCO itself said that diggings in Butuan have resulted to trade artifacts from foreign shores dating as far back as 907 AD. William Henry Scott even said that Butuan had sent an ambassador to China at the opening of the 11th Century AD. If these are not proofs of civilization and statehood, then what are they?
Of course, judged from Western standards, the kingdoms and forms of civilization in the islands prior to the arrival of Magellan, are nothing but people who decided to build their houses close to each other. Or if we are to go by the definition of states provided above, they were nothing but uncivilized natives.
If we are to abide though by such a definition, how then should we consider the country’s surviving indigenous communities (most of which were from kingdoms or sultanates before the Spanish friars or American soldiers forcibly subjugated them)?
Should the kingdoms and sultanates which the Higaonons, Manobos, Talaandigs, Maranaos, Maguindanaos, Tausugs and other indigenous groups had be considered a farce? And should these indigenous communities be considered uncivilized?
If so, then such a prejudicial view of the history and culture of the indigenous communities in the country would be reminiscent of Judge Malcolm’s landmark discriminatory decision against the Mangyans.
Oddly, this exchange reminded me of The Mission.
Country’s 1st Plant Billboard Launched
Ever heard of a billboard that helps protect the environment?
The plant billboard, the first in the country, was made possible through the partnership of beverage giant Coca-Cola Philippines and environmental group World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).
The 60x60-foot billboard located along EDSA-Forbes area, will use thriving species of Fukien tea plant , which is known to absorb air pollutants.
The plants are spread across the billboard with a space in the center in the shape of a Coca-Cola bottle.